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S10 IPE 2018 Jabari.pdf (1.49 MB)

Media Coverage of Palestinians and Israelis in the United States & the United Kingdom 1996-2016

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thesis
posted on 2024-02-02, 20:24 authored by Razan Jabari

The integration of media studies with the scholarship on perception of Palestinians and Israelis in the United Stated and the United Kingdom offers a systematic procedure for assessing coverage of nationalities in conflict regions. Using a new methodology that measure the tone of newspaper articles, this thesis examines the tone of newspaper articles that mention Palestinians and Israelis in the United States and the United Kingdom. Given the need for more studies on perception of Palestinians and Israelis, this thesis considers the effect of format and political leaning of newspapers, as well as positive and negative themes associated with Palestinians and Israelis on portrayals of Palestinians and Israelis over time. Articles in the dataset are divided into articles that only mention Palestinians, only mention Israelis, and articles that mention Palestinians and Israelis together. Analyzing a large sample from 1996-2016 from 14 newspapers across political leanings in the United States and the United Kingdom, the findings reveal that (i) on average, Palesitnians have been depicted more negatively than Israelis; (ii) British newspapers portray Palestinians more positively than American newspapers; and (iii) British left-leaning newspapers feature a more positive coverage of Palestinians compared to British right-leaning newspapers, whereas, American left-leaning newspapers feature a more negative coverage of Palestinians compared to American right-leaning newspapers. However, upon introducing separate variables for Palestinians only, Israelis only, and Palestinians and Israelis together, coverage of Palestinians and Israelis together holds the highest negativity across all political leanings of newspapers in the United States, and the United Kingdom. The existing academic literature lacks a discussion of media coverage of Palestinians and Israelis separately and collectively. This thesis provides nuanced analyses of media portrayals of Palestinians and Israelis in the American and British newspaper articles.

History

Institution

  • Middlebury College

Department or Program

  • International Politics and Economics

Academic Advisor

Erik Bleich and Tanya Byker

Conditions

  • Restricted to Campus